As a foreign investor interested in opening a company in Lithuania, you must know that you have the possibility of choosing from several company types. Among these, limited liability companies are very popular. A company type that is generally selected for incorporation is the private limited liability company in Lithuania – Uzdaroji Akcine Bendrove (UAB), a business form that requires a capital of EUR 2,500 in 2023.
Investors must know that the registration of this company type requires the payment of a small fee, charged by the State Enteprise Center of Registers, where the incorporation procedure is done.
The fee charged by the institution in 2023 is of EUR 30,83. The same fee applies if the founder is a natural person or a legal entity. The fees charged in 2023 vary depending on the legal entity you will register, so if you want to register other business forms, you will have to verify the fees charged for 2023 by the institution.
It may be formed by a single shareholder, but the maximum number may not overcome 249. The company formation in Lithuania does not exceed 3 weeks after registration if all the requested papers are in order. Our company formation agents in Lithuania can offer more information on the requirements for setting up a UAB.
|Types of LLCs||
Investors can set up only the limited liability company (Uzdaroji Akcine Bendrove).
Most suitable for
|One can set up a UAB in Lithuania for almost all business activities regulated under the Lithuanian law.|
Minimum number of shareholders
Maximum number of shareholders
|Law regulating the procedure to open a limited liability company in Lithuania||Law on Companies.|
|Institution in charge with the registration of the LLC in Lithuania||
The Register of Legal Entities
In order to set up a UAB in Lithuania, the shareholders must appoint at least 1 director (the shareholder can be the director, but if there are more shareholders, a board of directors can be set up).
|Corporate taxes||The standard corporate tax is charged at a rate of 15%. Small companies and agricultural companies can benefit from reduced corporate tax rates of 0% or 5%. Starting with 1 July 2022, a corporate tax of 20% is charged to credit institutions.|
|Minimum requirements in order to open a limited liability company in Lithuania||Prepare and sign the incorporation documents, find a suitable office space, submit the minimum share capital (EUR 2,500), open a corporate bank account, obtain any business permits and licenses needed.|
|Apply for a business number (yes/no)||Yes|
|Foreign ownership rules||Foreigners can own 100% of the shares of a company registered in Lithuania.|
|Who can register a LLC||
Tax residents who are individuals or companies. Foreign natural persons and legal entities can also
set up a UAB in Lithuania.
of the LLC
|The Articles of Association|
|Documents to prepare for the incorporation||Identity documents of the person registering the company, evidence on a temporary trading name issued by the Register of Legal Entities, evidence on having an official business office and a consent to use it from the owner of the premises, a statement of available funds, the company's incorporation documents.|
|Audit requirements (yes/no)||Yes (only if 2 of the following 3 conditions apply: net turnover is above EUR 3,5 million, total value of assets above EUR 1,8 million, number of payroll employees is of 50 in a financial year).|
Steps to open a Lithuanian limited liability company in 2023
The first step in opening a private limited liability company in Lithuania is checking the availability of the chosen name at the Public Institution Register Centre. If the name is available, then a reservation can be made. The entrepreneur must prepare the articles of association containing information on the following: the name of the company, the fact that it is a private limited liability company, the amount of capital, the type of business, the headquarter, shares, company duration if it’s a temporary one, and the signing date of the articles.
One of the requirements that investors have to comply with during the process of company formation in Lithuania is to provide an electronic signature. This is, of course, applicable for those who complete this process through the online option. Since the beginning of 2021, this option is also available for foreign investors, who can now obtain a certificate for their electronic signature, by following specific procedures. You can refer to our team of consultants, who can advise on this step.
If there is only one shareholder, a Constitutive Act must be signed. If there is more than one member, the memorandum of association must be signed. The memorandum must contain information regarding the articles of association, the incorporator, the name of the company, information on the shares, the name of the representative, the date when the document was signed.
A bank account must be opened and the minimum share capital of approx. EUR 2,500 must be deposited. One has to provide a receipt, through which it can be seen that the capital was deposited. The documents regarding headquarter must be filled up. A list of the shareholders is also required.
After notarizing the articles of association and filing an application, the above documents must be deposited at the Public Institution Register Centre and a Statement of Registration must be received. The next step is getting a company seal, used in every transaction the newly formed firm will perform.
The last step in incorporating a UAB is applying for the taxes at the Tax-Payer, working under the State Tax Inspectorate. This process mustn’t overcome 5 days after the registration. After you complete the registration procedure, you should hire an accountant. We can recommend you accountants in different countries, if you choose to open other firms in countries from Europe, such as Romania.
The highlights of a Lithuanian UAB
If you want to open a company in Lithuania as a UAB, you most likely want to find out as many details as possible about this structure. This is why our team of consultants in company registration in Lithuania has prepared a short list of aspects that you should know about this company type:
- • the process for company formation in Lithuania can be completed in approximately 3 weeks;
- • the steps for opening a corporate bank account can last approximately 2 weeks;
- • the company is required to file annual tax returns and must have a tax registration certificate;
- • the company can have foreign directors, who do not have to meet residency requirements;
- • the Lithuanian UAB can have shareholders as natural persons, but also corporate entities;
- • the company has to conclude an audit in the case in which the annual assets are above EUR 1,8 million.
From an accounting point of view, the Lithuanian UAB must file its annual financial statements. This company type can be used for entering import-export activities of a wide category of goods. It is also worth knowing that the legal entity can own its own assets and can purchase properties in this country. Our team of specialists in company registration in Lithuania can offer additional information.
We invite you to watch the video below on how to set up a UAB in Lithuania:
Our local agents offer more information on these costs. If you need advice on how to open a Lithuanian company as a UAB or information on the costs associated with other company types, you can address to our team. Our consultants in Lithuania company formation can provide details on the costs of registering a branch office or a representative office as well.
What is the data on foreign investments in Lithuania?
Foreign businessmen who want to open a Lithuanian company will most likely be interested in knowing up-to-date information on the dynamics of foreign direct investments carried out here, as this provides valuable data on the country’s ability to attract investors on the local market, but also on the incentives and other advantages foreign investors can find here. According to the Official Statistics Portal of Lithuania, the data on foreign investments show the following:
- • in the 1st quarter of 2020, the total investments in Lithuania accounted for EUR 18,674.22 million, while in the 3rd quarter, it stood at EUR 19,084.77 million;
- • most of the investments were made by investors from the European Union (EU) – in the 1st quarter, EU businessmen invested EUR 16,057.95 million from the total investments of the respective period;
- • an important investor interested in opening a Lithuanian company is one of the neighboring countries, Estonia, which invested EUR 2,859.63 million in the 1st quarter;
- • the most important investor in 2020 was Sweden, which invested in the 1st quarter EUR 3,151.64 million, increasing to EUR 3,433.34 million in the 3rd quarter;
- • The Netherlands is also an important investor, accounting for EUR 2,637.68 million in the 1st quarter of 2020.
Questions related to starting a UAB in Lithuania in 2023
Oftentimes, foreign investors ask a basic set of questions with regards to the registration of a company in Lithuania. This is why, below, we have prepared a short list of the most common questions we receive on the registration of a Lithuanian private limited liability company.
No, the company registration process of a UAB is quite simple and can be completed in a matter of days. This can be done as long as the investors have prepared the necessary documents and forms in accordance with the requirements of every institution that is involved in this process. This is why we recommend you to address to our team of consultants in company formation in Lithuania for legal assistance.
No, you must deposit at least 25% of the share capital when registering the company. However, the company will still need the entire capital requirement, and this can be done after the process of company incorporation in Lithuania is successfully completed by the investors.
No, there are no requirements related to having a local partner for this type of company. This means that the foreign investor can have 100% full ownership on the private limited liability that he will register in Lithuania. The requirement of having a local partner may be imposed for specific industries, but as a general rule, there aren’t any requirements.
Yes, you can grant us power of attorney and we can register the company on your behalf. Our team of consultants in company registration in Lithuania can handle the entire procedure without any issue, as long as all the documents are prepared in accordance with the imposed requirements.
The corporate tax rate in Lithuania is 15%. You can also address to our team for advice on the corporate tax system applicable to companies, the social security taxes and any other taxes that may apply to a local business. For assistance in registering a UAB, please contact our Lithuania company formation advisors.